Artichoke Leaf Extract - References

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  Artichoke Leaf Extract - References
  • Adzet T, Camarasa J, Laguna JC: Hepatoprotective activity of polyphenolic compounds from Cynara scolymnus against CCl4 toxicity in isolated rat hepatocytes. J Nat Prod. 50: 612, 1987
  • Ernst E: Die Artischocke - eine Heilpflanze mit Geschichte und zukunftperspektive. Naturamed 10: 7, 1995
  • Fintelmann V: Antidyspeptische und lipidsenkende Wirkungen von Artischockenextrakt. Ergebnisse klinischer Untersuchungen zur Wirksamkeit und Vertraglichkeit von Hepar SL Forte an 553 Patienten. Z. Allg. Med. 72:48, 1996
  • Fintelmann V: Therapeutic profile and mechanism of action of artichoke leaf extract: hypolipemic, antioxidant, hepatoprotective and choleretic properties. Phytomed. 1996
  • Suppl 1: 50. Frohlich E, Zigler W: Uber die lipidsenkende Wirkung von Cynarin. Subsidia Medica 25 (3): 5, 1973
  • Gebhardt R: Artischockenblatterextrakt: In vitro Nachweis einer Hemmwirkung auf die cholesterin-Biosynthese. Med. Welt 46: 348-35-, 1995.
  • Gebhardt R: Neue experimentelle Erkenntnisse zur Wirkung von Artischockenblatterextrakt. Z Allg. Med. 72: 20-23, 1996
  • Gebhardt R: Antioxidative and protective properties of extract from leaves of the artichoke (Cynara scolymnus L,) against hydro-peroxide-induced oxidative stress incultured rat hepatocytes. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 144: 279-286, 1997
  • Gebhart R: Inhibition of Cholesterol Biosynthesis in Primary Cultured Rat Hepatocytes by Artichoke (Cynara scolymnus L.) Extracts. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 286: 3, 1998
  • Gebhardt R, Fausel M, Henke B,: Polyphenols and flavonoids as antioxidant and hepatoprotective principles of artichoke extracts. Cell Biology and Toxicology, 1996
  • Grace SC, Salgo MG, Pryor WA: Scavenging of peroxinitrite by a phenolic/peroxidase system prevents oxidative damage to DNA. FEBS Letters 426(1): 24-8, 1998
  • Hammerl H, Kindler K, Kranzl C, Nebosis G, Pichler O, Studlar M: Uber den Einfluss von cynarin auf hyperlipidamien unter besonderer Berucksichtigung des types II (hypercholesterinamie). Wiener Med. Wschr. 41: 601-605, 1973
  • Hammerl H, Pichler O: Uber eine moglichkeit der kausalen Behandlung von Erkrankungen der Gallenwege mit einem Artischockenpreparat. Wiener Med. Wschr. 107 (25/26): 545, 1957
  • Hammerl H, Pichler O: Untersuchungen uber den Einfluss eines Artischockenextraktes auf die Serumlipide in Hinblick auf die Arterioskleroseprophylaxe. Wiener Med. Wschr. 109 (44): 853, 1959
  • Held C: Artischocke bei Gallenwegsdyskinesien. Neue Aspekte zur Therapie mit Choleretika. Z. Klin. Med. 47:92, 1992
  • Hemmerle H et al: Chlorogenic acid and synthetic chlorogenic acid derivatives: novel inhibitors of hepatic glucose-6-phosphate translocase. J Medicinal Chemistry 40(2): 137-45, 1997
  • Kirchhoff R, Beckers C, Kirchhoff GM, Trinczek-Gartner H, Petrowicz O, Reimann HJ: Increase in choleresis by means of artichoke extract. Results of a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study. Phytomedicine 1: 107, 1994
  • Kitts DD, Wijewickreme AN: Effect of dietary caffeic and chlorogenic acids on in vivo xenobiotic enzyme systems. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 45(3):287-98, 1994.
  • Kono et al.: The supression of the N-nitrosating reaction by chlorogenic acid. Biochemical Journal 312(Pt3): 947-53, 1995
  • Kono Y et al: Antioxidant activity of polyphenolics in diets. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1335(3): 335-42, 1997
  • Kupke D, von Sanden H, Trinczek-Gartner H, Lewin J, Blumel G, Reimann HJ: Prufung der choleretischen Aktivitat eines pflanzlichen Cholagogums. Z. Allg. Med. (67): 1046, 1991
  • Lietti A: Choleretic and cholesterol lowering properties of two artichoke extracts. Filoterapia 48: 153,1977
  • Maros T et al.: Wirkungen der Cynara scolymnus-Extrakte auf die Regeneration der Rattenleber. Arzneim-Forsch/(Drug Res) 18: 184, 1966
  • McDougall B, King PJ, Wu BW, Hostomsky Z, Reinecke MG, Robinson WE Jr: Dicaffeoylquinic and dicaffeoyltartaric acids are selective inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 integrase. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 42(1): 140-6, 1998
  • Mori H, Tanaka T, Shima H, Kuniyasu T, Takahashi M: Inhibitory effect of chlorogenic acid on methylazoxymethanolacetate-induced carcinogenesis in large intestine and liver of hamsters. Cancer Letters 30(1):49-54, 1986
  • Morishita Y et al.: Regressive effects of various chemopreventive agents on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci in the rat colon. Jpn J Cancer Res 88: 815-20. 1997
  • Petrowicz O, Gebhardt R, Donner M, Schwandt P, Kraft K: Effects of artichoke leaf extract on lipoprotein metabolism in vitro and in vivo. Atherosclerosis 129: 147, 1997.
  • Pittler MH, Ernst E: Artichoke leaf extract for serum cholesterol reduction. Perfusion (German journal) 11: 338-340, 1998
  • Robinson WE Jr, Cordeiro M, Abdel-Malek S, Jia Q, Chow SA, Reinecke MG, Mitchell WM: Dicaffeoylquinic acid inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus integrase: inhibition of the core catalytic domain of human immunodeficiency virus integrase. Molecular Pharmacology 50(4): 846-55, 1996
  • Samochowiec L, Wojcicki J, Kadykow M: The influence of 1,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid on serum lipids in the experimentally alcoholized rat. Panminerva Med 13(11): 87,1971
  • Samochowiec L: The action of herbs and roots of artichokes (Cynara scolymnus) and cardoon (Cynara cardunculus) on the development of experimental atherosclerosis in white rats. Diss. Pharm. 14: 115, 1962
  • Tanaka T et al.: Inhibition of 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide- induced rat tongue carcinogenesis by the naturally occurring plant phenolics caffeic, ellagic, chlorogenic and ferulic acids. Carcinogenesis 14(7): 1321-5, 1993
  • Tixier L: Les actions physiologiques et therapeutique des Cynara Scolymnus. Presse med. 44:880, 1939
  • Wojcicki J, Samochowiec L, Kosmider K: Influence of an extract from artichoke (Cynara sclymnus) on the level of lipids in serum of aged men. Herba Pol. 27: 265, 1981
  • Wojcicki J: Effect of 1,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid on ethanol- induced hypertriglyceridemia. Arzneim-Forsch/Drug Res. 26 (11): 2047, 1976.  
  • Wojcicki J: Effects of 1,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (cynarin) on cholesterol levels in serum and liver of acute ethanol-treated rats. Drug Alcohol Dep. 3: 143, 1978
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